) is an island nation in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
Because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans.The official languages are English, Māori and New Zealand Sign Language, with English predominant.New Zealand is a developed country with a market economy.New Zealand is a World Bank high-income economy and ranks highly in international comparisons of national performance, such as health, education, economic freedom and quality of life.During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinctive biodiversity of animal, fungal and plant life.The country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions.
New Zealand's capital city is Wellington, while its most populous city is Auckland.
Sometime between 12 CE, Polynesians settled in the islands that would later become New Zealand, and developed a distinctive Māori culture.
In 1642, Abel Tasman, a Dutch explorer, became the first European to sight New Zealand.
In 1840, representatives of the British Crown and Māori Chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi, making New Zealand a British colony.
Today, the majority of New Zealand's population of 4.7 million is of European descent; the indigenous Māori are the largest minority, followed by Asians and Pacific Islanders.
Reflecting this, New Zealand's culture is mainly derived from Māori and early British settlers, with recent broadening arising from increased immigration.